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  核心词汇  
[dræɡ]     [dræɡ]    
  • v. 拖;拉;迫使;缓慢行进;进行过久;扯进;打捞
  • n. 拖;拉;累赘;阻力
  • n. 男子穿的女子服装

drag的用法和样例:

例句

用作动词 (v.)
  1. He dragged the heavy case across the floor.
    他在地板上拖着那个沉重的箱子。
  2. shrug aside
    不予理会
  3. She dragged herself out of bed, still half asleep.
    她挣扎着起了床,还是睡眼惺忪。
  4. She always drags behind us.
    她总是在我们后面吃力地跟着。
  5. The first hour of the movie really dragged.
    那部电影的前一个小时真的是过得很慢。
  6. I don't want to drag out this argument any further.
    我不想再就这场争论进一步拖长下去。
  7. She dragged up that incident just to embarrass me.
    她又扯起那件事故意想使我难堪。
  8. They dragged the canal for the missing child.
    他们用拖网沿运河打捞失踪孩子的尸体。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. The cat is really excited by the drag of the basket on the floor.
    在地板上来来回回拖着篮子可着实让那只猫兴奋了一回。
  2. The drag of the his son up to top of the mountain exhausted him.
    把他的儿子拉上山顶可真累坏了他。
  3. Walking is a drag--let's take the car.
    走路太费事了——我们坐汽车吧。
  4. High interest rates are a drag on the housing market.
    高利率是住房市场上的一个阻力。

常见句型

用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. The heavy coach is dragging along.
    重载的马车吃力地行进着。
  2. The meeting dragged.
    会议拖得很长。
  3. The bottom of her long dress dragged in the dust.
    她长衣裳的下摆拖着尘土。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. They dragged the fallen tree clear of the road.
    他们把倒下的树从路上拖走。
  2. They're dragging the river for the body of the missing girl.
    他们在河底打捞失踪女孩的尸体。
用作名词 (n.)
  1. He walked with a drag.
    他拖着脚走路。
  2. He took last drags at his cigarettes and stood up.
    他抽完最后几口烟,站了起来。
  3. He love his family, but they're a drag on his career.
    他热爱自己的家庭,但家庭却是他事业的累赘。

常用短语

用作动词 (v.)
drag away (v.+adv.)
    将…拉走; 将…硬拖走remove sb/sth by pulling; cause sb to leave with difficulty
    drag sb/sth ⇔ away

    It will take two elephants to drag all this wood away.

    需要两头大象才能把所有的木材拖走。

    Have you ever tried dragging a child away from a TV set?

    你曾试图把孩子从电视机前拖走吗?

drag behind (v.+adv.)
    落在后面move more slowly than sb else
    drag behind

    She always drags behind.

    她总是落在后头。

drag down (v.+adv.)
    拖下去; 把身体拖垮 pull sth downwards; make sb feel weak, especially after an illness
    drag sb/sth ⇔ down

    The box is too heavy to carry down the slope, we'll have to drag it down.

    这箱子太重,不能扛下坡去,我们只得把它拖下去。

    It's the high fever that's been dragging him down.

    是这场高烧把他的身体拖垮的。

drag in (v.+adv.)
    牵强附会把…扯进去introduce with difficulty or unnecessarily
drag into (v.+prep.)
    〈非正〉强拉…参加… pull or force sb into sth or doing sth
    drag sb into sth/v-ing

    Don't drag me into your plan.

    不要强迫我参加你们的计划。

    He hates parties; we had to drag him into going.

    他不喜欢参加聚会,我们必须拉他去。

drag off (v.+adv.)
    将…拖〔拉〕走 pull sb/sth away
    drag sb/sth ⇔ off

    I wanted to stay, but she dragged me off to help her shop.

    我本想留下来,可她硬是把我拉走帮她买东西。

drag on1 (v.+adv.)
    〈非正〉拖时间,拖延last an unnecessarily long time
    drag sth ⇔ on

    The actors dragged on a boat with wheels.

    演员们把下面装有轮子的船拖上来。

    drag on

    The hours dragged on.

    时间过得很慢。

drag on2 (v.+prep.)
    深吸suck at sth deeply
    drag on sth

    He keeps dragging on his pipe.

    他一个劲儿地抽烟斗。

drag out (v.+adv.)
    (使)拖延(cause to) last unnecessarily
    drag sth ⇔ out

    It's so annoying having to drag out the sewing machine every time I want to make a dress.

    每次做衣服时我都得把缝纫机拉出来,真烦死人了。

    drag out

    The meeting dragged out all the afternoon.

    会议整整拖延了一下午。

drag through (v.+prep.)
    缓慢地通过 move slowly through sth
    drag through sth

    The sail was dragging through the water.

    帆船正在缓慢地穿过该水域。

drag up (v.+adv.)
    〈非正〉不必要地提起raise a subject unnecessarily

词汇搭配

用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+介词
用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ ~+介词

经典引文

  • She was a drag on his career.

    出自: fig.
  • She has dragged her wardrobe trunk into the centre of the bedroom.

    出自: T. Williams
  • All this is going to be dragged through a coroner's court.

    出自: fig.

drag的详细讲解:

词语用法

v. (动词)
  1. drag的基本意思是“拖,拉,拽”,指拖着笨重的东西缓慢艰难地行进,意味着有阻力,也可指使某物在地上拖拉,还可指拖着网、钩等沿河底、湖底等搜索〔打捞〕,用于比喻可表示“劝说某人勉为其难地来〔去〕某处”,引申可指乏味或恼人的事物“进行过久”。

词义辨析

v. (动词)
drag, draw, pull
  • 这三个词的共同意思是“拉,拖”。其区别是:
  • 首先, draw和pull都指拉向动作者,而drag则指拖向另一地; 其次, drag所拖之物一般较重, pull多为一时突然的动作,而draw则显得从容。例如:
  • He drew me to himself.
  • 他把我拉到他身边。
  • He dragged the piano to the corner of the room.
  • 他使劲地把钢琴拖向房间的角落。
  • He pulled the door open and rushed out.
  • 他把门拉开,冲了出去。
  • drag out, draw out
  • 两者都可作“使…拖得很长”解。drag out侧重于时间的拉长; 而draw out侧重于把事物本身拉长; draw out还有“汲取,草拟”的意思。
  • 词源解说

    • ☆ 15世纪中期进入英语,直接源自古北欧语的draga,意为拖,拉。
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