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  基本词汇  
[hed]     [hed]    
  • n. 头部;头脑;顶端;领袖;硬币的正面
  • v. 前进;为首;朝向
  • adj. 首要的;前面的

head的用法和样例:

例句

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Please raise your head and look at the blackboard.
    请抬起头来,看黑板。
  2. The stone caught him on the side of the head.
    那块石头击中他头部的侧面。
  3. He had no head for business.
    他毫无商业头脑。
  4. We walked straight to the head of the line.
    我们一直朝线路的顶端前进。
  5. He is the head of our school.
    他是我们学校的校长。
  6. After Yao died, Shun became head of the tribal confederation.
    尧去世后,舜继承了部落领袖的位置。
  7. A coin has two sides,a head and a tail.
    硬币有正反两面。
用作动词 (v.)
  1. We are heading home.
    我们正向家的方向走去。
  2. I would have a chance to head northward quickly.
    我很快就有机会去北方了。
  3. We elected Mr. Stevenson to head the team.
    我们选举了斯蒂文森先生率领这个队。
  4. The road heads the east.
    这条路一直朝东。
用作形容词 (adj.)
  1. My mother is the head librarian of the school library.
    我的妈妈是学校图书馆管理员组长。
  2. He got shocked by the head name on the list.
    看到名单上的第一个名字,他震惊不已。

常见句型

用作名词 (n.)
  1. Tom got angry at his brother and aimed a heavy book at his head.
    汤姆对他弟弟大发雷霆,拿起一本厚厚的书对准弟弟的头掷去。
  2. The old man arrived, bearing a large bundle on his head.
    那位老人到达时,头上顶着个大包包。
  3. Maria bent her head instinctively to avoid being recognized.
    玛丽亚本能地垂下头,以免被人认出。
  4. I lifted my head and looked up.Red flags were flying from the top of the pass.
    我抬头望去,只见山顶上红旗招展。
  5. We lifted our heads to breathe in the fresh, clear air.
    我们抬起头,吸进清洁的新鲜空气。
  6. The electric fan blew hot air about our heads.
    电扇在我们头周围吹起热风。
  7. But at last the shells cracked, one after another.One little head after another appeared.
    最后,一个一个的蛋壳终于裂开了,一个又一个的小脑袋也露了出来。
  8. A passing lorry covered us in mud from head to foot.
    一辆驰过的卡车溅了我们一身泥。
  9. The original founder is still head of the organization.
    原先的创立者现在仍然是这个组织的领导。
  10. Bill was appointed head of the election committee when the government crisis was over.
    政府危机结束后,比尔被任命为选举委员会主席。
  11. The head of the workshop ordered that the work should be finished in two days.
    车间主任下令这项工作必须在两天之内完成。
  12. Let us send the finished products to the head of the workshop to be checked.
    我们把成品送到车间主任那里,让他检验一下吧。
  13. They advanced him over the heads of his seniors.
    他们将他的职务晋升到高于他许多前辈的位置上。
  14. I waited at the head of the queue.
    我在队伍的最前头等候着。
  15. He climbed to the head of his class.
    在班上他已名列前茅。
  16. Write your address at the head of this page.
    把你的住址写在纸的上端。
  17. You'd better equip your bicycle with a head light.
    你最好在你的自行车上装个前灯。
  18. The head post office fronts the railway station.
    邮政总局面朝火车站。
  19. I did a quick head count and discovered that one member of the class was missing.
    我迅速清点人数,发现班上不见了一个人。
  20. It costs about 10 pounds a head to eat there.
    在那里吃饭每人要花10英镑。
  21. He has twenty head of cattle on the farm.
    他在农场养了20头牛。
  22. Two hundred head of cattle were killed this morning.
    今天上午宰了200头牛。
  23. His brother has a good head for mathematics.
    他弟弟有个很好的数学头脑。
  24. He should go in for accounting because he has a good head for figures.
    他应从事会计工作,因为他具有计算的才能。
  25. She being a modest woman her head was by no means turned by the acclaim which broke over her.
    她很谦虚,赞扬声像浪潮般向她袭来,她也不会被冲昏头脑。
用作动词 (v.)
用作不及物动词 S+~(+A)
  1. You are heading north.
    你们在往北行进。
  2. The crowd is heading eastward, believing that they can find gold there.
    人群正在向东移去,他们认为在那里可以找到黄金。
  3. He realized that he was heading in the wrong direction.
    他意识到走错了方向。
用作及物动词 S+~+ n./pron.
  1. His name heads the list.
    他的名字居名单之首。
  2. Their cars headed the funeral procession.
    他们的车队在葬礼队伍的最前面。
  3. He will head a firm.
    他将主管一家公司。
  4. When the president died, the vice president was chosen to head the firm.
    总裁去世后,大家选举副总裁为公司主管领导。
  5. 1
  6. The delegation was headed by our Foreign Minister.
    这个代表团由我们的外交部长任团长。

常用短语

用作名词 (n.)
above〔over〕 sb's head
    太高深而使人难以理解 beyond sb's ability to understand
bang〔knock〕 one's head against a brick wall
    白费力气 do sth to no avail
bang〔knock〕 sb's heads together
    用武力制止争吵 threat to put an end to a dispute
bring to a head
    (使)时机成熟,濒临危急关头 bring to a point where sth must be done or decided
    bring sth to a head

    The assassination of the president brought matters to a head.

    总统遭暗杀使事态到了严重关头。

    Matters have been brought to a head in the peace talks; tomorrow they will either succeed or fail.

    和平谈判已到紧要关头,成败系于明天的会谈。

come to a head
    时机成熟,濒临危急关头 come to a point where sth must be done or decided
eat one's heads off
    〈口〉吃大量的食物 eat a large amount of food
get into one's head
    充分理解,明白; 熟记 grasp an idea; memorize
    get sth into one's head

    Can't you get it into your head that it is dangerous to ride a motorbike without wearing protective clothing?

    难道你不明白骑摩托车不穿防护衣有危险吗?

    I have difficulty learning French irregular verbs; I just can't seem to get them into my head.

    我学法语的不规则动词有困难,我似乎无法记住。

go off one's head
    发疯的,精神错乱的 go mad; lose control of one's reason
head over heels
    完全地,全部地 completely; totally
hold one's head high〔up〕
    昂首,不垂头丧气 be proud; be unashamed
keep one's head
    保持冷静 remain calm
keep one's head above water
    使自己免于负债 remain out of debt
not know whether one is on one's head or one's heels
    不能理解; 被…弄糊涂 be unable to understand; be completely confused by
off the top of one's head
    不假思索 without thinking
old head on young shoulders
    年轻而有见识(的人),人小鬼大 wisdom in youth
on one's head
    由某人负责 on one's responsibility
put one's heads together
    共同商量 think out a plan with other people
put out of one's head
    放弃某念头 deliberately forget
    put sth out of one's head

    I had considered becoming a model, but I soon put the idea out of my head when I got married and started a family.

    我曾想要当一个模特,但我结婚有了家庭后马上就放弃了那个念头。

standing on one's head
    十分容易 effortlessly; with ease
turn sb's head
    使某人爱慕 make sb fall in love
用作动词 (v.)
head after (v.+prep.)
    开始追赶… begin to chase (usually sb)
    head after sb

    If you head after the robbers now, you might catch them before they leave the town limits.

    如果现在追赶盗贼,你们可能在他们跑出城区之前逮住他们。

head away from (v.+adv.+prep.)
    向(某地点)的反方向移动,运动 move in the opposite direction to (sth such as a place)
    head away from sth

    Heading away from the mountains,I soon found an easier path leading downhill to the village.

    我背着山走了不久,就发现了一条通往该村的比较平坦的下山小路。

head back (v.+adv.)
    转身,折回 turn round; begin to return
    head back

    We ought to be heading back if we want to reach home before dark.

    如果我们想天黑前到家,现在该往回走了。

head for〔toward〕 (v.+prep.)
    〈非正〉引向好〔坏〕结果 cause to encourage (sth good or bad effect) to happen
    head for〔toward〕 sb/sth

    We saw him heading for us, so we stepped aside.

    我们看见他向我们走来,就让到一边。

    We got on a bus and headed toward Dover.

    我们登上了一辆公共汽车朝多佛方向驶去。

    head sth for〔toward〕 sth

    They headed the boat toward the shore.

    他们把船驶向岸边。

    head for〔toward〕 sth

    You're heading for an accident if you drive after drinking alcohol.

    如果你酒后开车就会招致车祸。

    You are heading for trouble if you go on behaving like that.

    你要还是那样胡来,就是在自找麻烦。

    The firm will head toward bankruptcy unless a new manager is elected.

    如果再不选出新的经理,这个公司就会破产。

head in (v.+prep.)
    用头把(球)顶入球门 (in football) send (the ball) into the goal with one's head
    head sth in sth

    The centre forward headed the ball in goal.

    中锋用头把球顶入球门。

    He scored by heading the ball in goal during the last two minutes of the match.

    比赛最后两分钟,他顶球入门得分。

head into (v.+prep.)
    迎着(风等)而行 take a course facing the direction of (usually the wind)
    head into sth

    It looks as though we're heading into a storm; let's stop here in this town overnight and wait till it has passed.

    看来我们正在迎着风暴行驶,咱们在这个城市住一晚,等风暴过后再走。

head off1 (v.+adv.)
    防止…发生 prevent (sth unpleasant, or sb from reaching an unpleasant subject)
head off2 (v.+prep.)
    防止…发生 prevent (sth unpleasant, or sb from reaching an unpleasant subject)
    head sb off sth

    We tried our best to head Henry off the topic, because we knew he'd reveal confidential information.

    我们竭力把亨利从那个话题上扯开,因为我们知道那样谈下去他会泄露机密。

head to (v.+prep.)
    〈非正〉引出好〔坏〕结果 cause to encourage (sth good or bad) effect
    head sb to sth

    The girl headed her little sister to the school.

    姐姐把小妹妹领到学校。

    head to sth

    Disobeying the law can head to trouble.

    不守法可能会引起麻烦。

head up (v.+adv.)
    (报社)为(某专栏)安排大字标题 supply a headline for (a page)
    head sth ⇔ up

    A band headed up the parade.

    一个乐队走在游行队伍的前面。

    head sth ⇔ up

    She heads up the Student Union.

    她主管学生会的工作。

    Who is the best person to head up the special committee?

    特别委员会负责人的最佳人选是谁?

    head up

    When the green vegetables head up, we'll pick what we need and give the rest to our neighbours.

    蔬菜长大后,我们将采下我们所需要的,把其余的送给邻居们。

    head sth ⇔ up

    One of my jobs at the newspaper office was to head up the page before it was printed.

    我在报社的工作之一是在该页付印前标出标题。

heads up (v.+adv.)
    小心 be careful

词汇搭配

用作名词 (n.)
动词+~ 形容词+~ 名词+~ 介词+~ ~+介词
用作动词 (v.)
~+名词 ~+副词 ~+介词

经典引文

  • Kelsoe..had had his head..torn from his body.

    出自: R. Ingalls
  • The only starers were the glass eyes of a pair of buffalo heads.

    出自: J. Masters
  • If you head and hang all that offend that way.

    出自:Measure for Measure , Shakespeare

head的详细讲解:

词语用法

n. (名词)
  1. head作名词的基本意思是“头,头部”,包括五官部分,是可数名词,引申可指“头脑”或“头头儿”,即“领导,首领”。
  2. head作物体的“上端,顶部,前端”解,是单数名词,常接定冠词the和of,组成the head of的结构。
  3. head可用作单位词,用于表示“个人,禽畜的头数”,可与不定冠词或数词连用,其复数形式往往不加s。
v. (动词)
  1. head用作名词时意思是“头”,转化为动词则表示“位于…的顶部”“居…之首”,引申可表示“率领”“主管”“领导”。
  2. head用作及物动词时接名词或代词作宾语。可用于被动结构。
  3. head用作不及物动词时后面常接for,表示“向…出发,朝…行进”等。
  4. 在足球术语中, head表示用头进球,可用作不及物动词或及物动词,其后常接介词in。
  1. bend head表达“垂头”的意思,一般不在其前面加a。

    with bend head, Jack made a full confession.
    杰克垂下头招认了所有的错误。

  2. 短语bend down表示“弯腰”。

词义辨析

n. (名词)
head, chief, chieftain, president
  • 这组词的共同意思是“头头”或“领导人”。
  • 1.president指“总统,主席”或“(大学)的校长”。
  • 2.chief通常指一个团体中身居最高职位的人或国家,也可指政府中某个部门的主管,多用于美式英语中,且具有较为庄重的色彩。例如:
  • The mayor displaced the police chief.市长把警察局局长撤换了。
  • The Queen is the chief of the armed forces by right.女王理应是武装部队的统帅。
  • He was the chief of the clan.他是那个部族的族长。
  • 3.head一般用于比chief地位稍低的人,有时可与chief互换使用,多用于英式英语中。例如:
  • Zhang Hua was chosen the head of the factory.张华被选为厂长。
  • The original founder is still the head of the organization.最早的创始人仍是该组织的领导人。
  • 4.chieftain则专指一个部落的酋长、族长,或强盗、土匪等的头头。例如:
  • He used to be a Highland chieftain.他过去是一个苏格兰高地的族长。
  • John was the chieftain of a band of robbers.约翰是一伙强盗的头目。
  • v. (动词)
    head for, head to
  • 这两个短语中介词不同,意义用法也都不同:
  • 1.head for的意思是“引向某地〔某人〕”,而head to则是“引出…结果”。
  • 2.在用法方面, head for常用于进行体; head to一般不用于进行体。
  • head up, heads up
  • 这两个短语中的head一个是单数形式,一个是复数形式,但词义和用法完全不同。head up的意思是“在…前面”“领导或主管…”; 而heads up的意思是“小心,当心”。head up在句中作谓语,而heads up则在口语中用于独立祈使句。
  • 常见错误

    n. (名词)
      他们卖给这个国家600万头马、牛和羊。

      They sold six million heads of horses, cattle and sheep to the state.

      They sold six million head of horses, cattle and sheep to the state.

      head用来表示动物数量时,不管前面的数字为多少, head总是用单数形式。

      他在语言方面有才能。

      He has a good head to language.

      He has a good head for language.

      表示“在…方面有才能”时,不能用介词to,而须用for。

      他的爸爸敲打他的头。

      His father struck his head.

      His father struck him on the head.

      “敲打某人的头”要用strike sb on the head来表示。

    v. (动词)
      他们正前往芝加哥。

      They are all heading to Chicago.

      They are all heading for Chicago.

      head表示“开往或前往(某地)”的意思时,后面应跟介词for表示目的地,而不能用to。

    词源解说

    • ☆ 直接源自古英语的heafod;最初源自原始日耳曼语的khaubuthan,意为身体顶部。
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